HENRY INMAN came to South Australia
|1838 April:||Governor Hindmarsh organised a Police Force comprising ten Foot and ten Mounted Constables. It was formally proclaimed on April 28th, 1838. In the same month, Henry Inman arrived from Tasmania to take command and he was made Inspector of Police. At this time the Force cost the Treasury forty pounds (£40) per week.|
|1838 Oct:||On October 17th 1838, Governor Hindmarsh was succeeded by Governor Gawler, Superintendent. |
Henry Inman (Inspector of Police) signed Letter of Welcome to the newly arrived Lieutenant Colonel Gawler KH, Governor of the Province of SA on October 15th, 1838. Henry Inman was raised to the status of Superintendent of Police on October 24th, 1838. Henry Inman was said to be the driving force behind this establishment and its early growth.
The existence of the Police Force was accepted by the settlers and became a necessary and integral part of the life of the colony. After the Police Force was established, Aboriginal troubles caused concern in the community and led to an increase in Police strength. The original Police Force comprised one Superintendent, two Inspectors, three Sergeants and forty seven Constables.
|In 1839||The Legislative Council, to fulfil a guarantee made to the settlers by the South Australian Board of Commissioners, authorised the formation of the Police Force on a proper basis. The new Force was placed under the control of four Honorary Commissioners - the Colonial Secretary (Robert Gouger), the Advocate General (Robert Burnard) and two Justices of the Peace (T S O’Halloran and T Walker).|
|February 1840||After a most unpleasant trip, the BRAKENMOOR arriving in Adelaide, South Australia on February 4th, 1840. One of the passengers ALEXANDER TOLMER presented his LETTER OF INTRODUCTION to Colonel Gawler, where he was received kindly. Almost immediately (February 19th, 1840) he was offered a commission as a Sub-Inspector of Police. |
As the police force was rather undisciplined, Tolmer was expected to assist in its reorganization.
However this occurred the wrath of Superintendent Henry Inman, Officer in Charge of the police force since 1838.
Police Superintendent Henry Inman was known to Tolmer from his time in Portugal, and had already noted Tolmer's brashness.
|April 1840|| Politics clearly played a part in what happened next.|
Read about the DISMISSAL OF HENRY INMAN, SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE - April 1840
and about THE HAY TRANSACTION - May 1840
|June 1840||APPOINTMENT OF COMMISSIONER OF POLICE|
Major T S O’Halloran, one of the original Board of Commissioners, was appointed Commissioner of Police.- the first paid officer in that capacity - after which the old Board was dissolved. The Commissioner of Police was the sole source of orders from the Government to which he was responsible for the efficiency and discipline of the Police Force. Two other men, Matthew Smith and William Field Porter, were appointed District Commissioners for the Port Lincoln district at the same time, as because of its distance from Adelaide, decentralisation of administration was necessary.
|In April 1841|| We understand that after Henry Inman left the Force, he became a pastoralist. Whilst he was in charge of a party travelling overland from NSW they were attacked by natives after crossing the Rufus River near Lake Bonney, leading to the dispersal of five thousand sheep and eight hundred head of cattle. Henry Inman was severely wounded.
Governor Gawler, now in the last month of his governorship, took immediate action with the despatch of a combined police and volunteer party under the command of police commissioner Major Thomas O’Halloran to retrieve the lost property. The function of the expedition was primarily peace-keeping, but the major’s journal, written en route, reveals his expectation of a more forceful kind of punitive action. Oscillatating perpetually between the determination to avoid violence and the anticipation of dispensing it, the Major expressed the commonly held sentiment that only ‘severe punishment’ would be a deterrent to Aboriginal threats. When this became known, the party was subsequently recalled.
Very little is documented about HENRY INMAN. The Biographical Index from South Australia (BISA pg812) indicates his father may have been a doctor. HENRY INMAN married Mary FOOKS nee Lipson on January 19, 1839. Her parents were Thomas Lipson and Elizabeth Emma nee TOOK. Mary came to South Australia with her parents and her two brothers and three sisters, in September 1836, on board the CYGNET from London with Captain John Rolls and 84 passengers.
Henry and Mary Inman's son Henry was born in 1839.
We understand that Henry Inman snr. eventually returned to England and became a Church of England pastor in the town of Derby ...."Inman eventually returned to England, entered the Church and had a charge in the town of Derby".